Jigme Phuntsok, 1933-2004, was a charismatic dharma teacher who spent much of his life traveling throughout Tibet establishing a series of retreats, the most well known of which was Larung Gar in a remote region of eastern Tibet. The encampment began in 1980 with less than a hundred people, and over 20 years grew to more than 8,000 residents, including Tibetans and Chinese, monastics and laypeople, men and women. Students where drawn to the retreat, which offered traditional Buddhist teachings in both Tibetan and Mandarin, from all parts of Tibet and China. After unsuccessfully attempting to limit its size, Chinese authorities destroyed the settlement in 2001, tearing down wooden huts and dispersing thousands of inhabitants. Jigme Phuntsok Rinpoche died two years later in a Chinese hospital at the age of 70.